Environment has great influence in the life of all the living things on this earth. When it comes to wastage and its treatment, one of the very oldest effective waste treatments is waste incineration. It is basically a process where the domestic and industry waste materials are burnt. In this process, the waste materials turn into ash, flue gas and heat. On the basis of the type of waste materials, the incineration can of various scales, such as: small scale, medium scale and large scale.
Though some people think that waste management or waste treatment is not a very big issue, but in reality it is a serious matter of concern. In waste incineration method, waste materials or organic substances are burnt which incorporate households, hazardous and also medical wastes equipments. As the method of incineration involves combustion, therefore it is also known as thermal treatment. These days, the incinerations help in saves energy from being wasted.
Moreover, the method of incineration has a lot of benefits over other types of waste treatment system. While treating the waste materials, such as clinical and hazardous materials, waste incineration has proved to be more effective in this regard. By using this waste treatment method, the harmful pollutant and pathogens can be burnt completely in high temperature. This method of waste treatment has become extremely popular in countries having scarcity of lands.
However, while gong for waste incineration, one should also keep in mind that this process can have some negative effectives on our health due to environmental pollution. Production of ashes, flue gases and other releases of incineration can also lead to some serious consequences on mankind as well as on our natural atmosphere. In incineration, the waste materials get reduced in its amount and also get transformed into ashes that consist of some of the most venomous substances like: dioxins and heavy metals. These substances are difficult to destroy.
As we all know that waste materials can be of various kinds, therefore in order to manage various kinds of waste materials, various types of incinerator plants are designed, such as: moving grate, fixed grate, rotary-kiln, and fluidised bed. The best thing about the modern incinerators is that they have pollution mitigation equipment such as flue gas cleaning in them.